Jordan


Author: Yotta Pantoula-Bulmer (Of Counsel - Head of International Department)

Ala'a Bilbeissi (Associate)

Rozana Al-Hroob (Trainee attorney)
Contact: E-Mail yotta.b@hammourilaw.com

Overview of legal measures as of the 16th of July 2020 as response to the coronavirus.

Please note: Due to the extraordinary situation, the legislation is in continuous evolution and may change very fast.

Introduction

Jordan is a constitutional monarchy with three branches of government – the Judicial, the Legislative and the Executive branch. The King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, His Majesty King Abdallah II, in order to deal with and handle the pandemic spread of the COVID-19 disease in Jordan, issued on March 17, 2020 a Royal Decree for the enactment of the Jordanian Defense Law No. 13/1992 (the “Defense Law”) (pdf) based on Article 124 of the Jordanian Constitution. This provides the Executive branch the exceptional authority to adopt directly any necessary measures to combat this disease via Orders.

In the course of managing COVID-19, the Jordanian government has executed in the period between 19/03/2020, that followed the enactment of the Defense Law until the date of this chapter (03/07/2020), fourteen (14) Orders/orders under the Defense Law. In the course of preventing the spread of the disease, it has issued the following measures as set out in detail in this chapter. No Defense Law Order have been canceled to date. These measures are, for the most part, as of this date still active, save for some revisions/amendments such as those banning the movement and transportation of people and the closure of all shops in Defense Law Order No.2 and Defense Law Order No.5. Similarly, Defense Law Order No.12 amended the punishment under Defense Law Order No.3, Defense Law Order No.7 was amended by Announcement No.6 and Defense Law Order No.6 was amended by Announcement No.7. In addition to the Orders, the Government has also executed several official administrative orders, decisions and communications as well.


*Please note that all text, both legal and otherwise, that is quoted in English in the Jordan Chapter is an unofficial translation from the Arabic text by the authors, who do not bear any legal liability or responsibility for said translation.*




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1. INTERVENTIONS AND RESTRICTIONS

1.1 Legal basis

1.10 Health care

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[The Orders of Applicable Measures to Combat the Corona Virus (COVID-19) for the Year 2020, with the first one issued on 19/03/2020 and the most recent one issued on 15/06/2020.

The issuance of said Orders is based on the Jordanian Defense Law No. 13 for the Year 1992 (the “Defense Law”). The King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, on the basis of Article 124 of the Jordanian Constitution and the Cabinet of Ministers, on the basis of the Defense Law, ordain:

Chapter 1 – General Provisions

The Orders issued on the basis of the Jordanian Defense Law are applicable to all Jordanian and non-Jordanian citizens, companies, organizations and institutions within the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Their function is to:

1) Prevent and contain the spread of COVID-19;

2) Help provide the population with the adequate health care for this affliction;

3) Safeguard Jordan’s capabilities to cope with the pandemic.

Chapter 2 – Measures that regulate healthcare capacity

Section 1 – Principle

To maintain and guarantee that the population receives the adequate medical care and supplies, a series of measures were taken and put into force regarding:

1) The entry of citizens and non-foreign nationals into the Kingdom;

2) The import and export of goods and supplies;

3) The provision of essential medical supplies.

Exceptional measures have been taken for the persons, goods and supplies originating from those countries and areas of high risk in order to prevent and combat the spread of the pandemic COVID-19 in Jordan.

Section 2 – Restrictions on Travel, Border Crossing and Admitting Foreign Nationals

As a result of the COVID-19 virus pandemic, the Prime Minister of Jordan, Omar Razzaz, on 14/03/2020, ordered the suspension of all flights to and from the Kingdom, coming into effect from 18/03/2020 until further notice, excluding commercial freight traffic, diplomatic missions and international organizations cadres. The Prime Minister stated (as published in the media) that "All border crossings of the Kingdom via land, sea and airports are closed to passenger traffic, with the exception of commercial freight." In addition, neighboring countries were exempt and were allowed entry into Jordan under specific measures put in place by the Ministry of Health (‘MOH’) such as testing for COVID-19 at airports and self-quarantine.

As such, the borders of Jordan have since been closed for all individuals (citizens and foreign nationals) excluding the above mentioned exemptions. No one was permitted entry or exit from the country until quite recently when Jordanian nationals abroad were allowed entry back into the country (repatriation) under official Government orders. This was announced by the Corona Crisis Management Cell who stated that trips into Jordan would recommence to facilitate the return of Jordanians citizens abroad (such as tourists, those who do not hold foreign residency and students) following specific procedures and measures, starting from 05/05/2020 and continued until further notice.

Very recently, one such measure that has since been released is the implementation of electronic bracelets for those returning from abroad to organize precautionary home quarantine, in anticipation of an outbreak of Corona virus. In accordance with information that has been made available in the media, the electronic bracelets are a control tool to ensure that the quarantined individuals remains at home within a circle that prevents them from interacting with others. According to the Jordanian media, the number of the electronic bracelets is said to be 10,000 and the duration of the home quarantine will be 14 days, during which the detainees will be required to download a special application to use the electronic bracelet.

Where it concerns foreign nationals working in Jordan and who wish to leave Jordan, the Minister of Labor, Nidal Bataineh, announced to the press on 25/04/2020 that they will be allowed to do so starting from the following day (26/04/2020). In order to do so, they would have to submit applications (available in both English and Arabic) to a specified platform starting from 26/04/2020 until 04/05/2020. This will be done in coordination with the relevant authorities, the Crisis Management Cell and the concerned parties in their countries. He added that registered workers will be exempt from travel fines or other amounts connected to work permit fees and other fees that are a result of the COVID-19 crisis and that this applies even for those persons with expired residence permits.

Commercial information:

Royal Jordanian Airlines: As a result of the suspension of flights due to the COVID-19 outbreak, Royal Jordanian has announced that it is also offering the following services to passengers of suspended flights to and from Jordan (subject to a Sales Validity between 01/01/2019 – 14/07/2020 and a Travel Validity between 17/03/2020 – 14/07/2020):

1. Reservation Date Change: Reservation date change penalties will be waived if the flights are cancelled due to airport closure. Discount on the difference in fare will be applied. Passengers can request to re-validate their tickets on any date before 31 December 2020, but the processes of the re-validation should be done on/before 14 July 2020

2. Voucher (EMD): The following vouchers are available: a travel voucher valid for two years from day of issuance and a refundable voucher valid for one year from day of issuance. The voucher/EMD value can be used by the passenger’s family members (consent to be submitted when requesting this option).

3. Refund can be processed according to your country law, if not available RJ’s ticket terms and conditions apply.

While no further news has been released as to the status of allowing foreign nationals in Jordan to return to their countries, those who missed the deadline might be able to do so indirectly. Currently, there are two flights scheduled; an Emirates flight to return Emirati nationals and residents to the United Arab Emirates on 07/07/2020 and a Royal Jordanian flight to Turkey on 10/07/2020. Foreign nationals in Jordan whose countries borders are open and allow flights from either the UAE or Turkey can book a flight to either of these countries and then book a second flight to their countries following that. For the time being, any flights to and from Jordan via Royal Jordanian will be subject to a detailed list of safety requirements that can be found on the airline’s website.

Section 3 – The Import and Export of Goods and Supplies

As the import and export of goods and supplies fall under commercial freight, which was exempt from the closing of the Jordanian borders as per the order of the Prime Minister, there are no limitations and restrictions imposed.

Section 4 – The Provision of Essential Medical Supplies

As vital essentials for the management and prevention of the COVID-19 disease, the provision of essential medical supplies was a necessary requirement to achieve that end. As such, the Jordanian government implemented procedures and protocols in order to do so. The King himself intervened in this regard. The King visited in person the drug stores in the Royal Medical Services to ensure the stock of medicines and their adequacy. The King also urged the public and private sectors to raise the quality and level of production in the pharmaceutical and medical products industries. The King also intervened personally to bring in the Kingdom the COVID-19 examination equipment. The Minister of State for Media Affairs, Amjad Al Adaileh, announced on 16/04/2020 that the King has also personally donated to the Ministry of Health.

On 25/03/2020, the Director General of the Government Procurement Department, Nizar Mhaidat, said that the department is ready to provide the medical and preventive supplies needed to deal with the Corona virus. He stated that the department "issued a circular to all companies and warehouses for which tenders for medicines and medical supplies are referred to with the need to expedite their supply and exempt them from the fines arising from the subject of expediting (early) supply." He added that "The Jordanian electronic procurement system has been activated to carry out all the purchasing operations for all needs, in terms of announcing them, placing bids, receiving and electronically providing them to secure the public sector with all its needs."

He also said that "The Governmental Procurement Department carried out a series of studies from the start of the spread of the epidemic of public sector stocks, which consisted in studying the existing supply as well as that which was provided via tenders this year, in accordance with the emergency conditions and the growing need for some requirements. He continued, "All suppliers of medicines and medical supplies have been contacted to contain the quantities of medicines and medical supplies available to them, and to develop an emergency plan that enables the department to continue its work and provide its services to the public health sector despite the emergency conditions."

Nizar Mhaidat stated that "The Minister of Finance was addressed to allocate a sum of money that enables the department to respond quickly to face any shortfall as a result of the increasing exchange of treatments, by making direct purchases and paying in advance to enable suppliers to provide it as soon as possible”.

With regard to the companies from which the medicines were secured, Mhaidat said that the department secures the needs of the public sector from a local or external source, and in light of the crisis, precautionary measures have been taken to secure the health sector from materials such as medical consumables related to masks, gloves and protective clothing against infection, to protect workers in the health sector and in the field. He explained: "The productivity of two masks and gloves factories has been activated to produce daily sufficient quantities for use in the private or public sector." He pointed out that it has become a priority in providing medical masks and shields to the cadres working in the treatment of patients and people in the field.

With regard to medical devices that help to detect infected cases, he said that "these devices are available but the materials that are used to detect the virus are materials that we need to buy", pointing out that the Government “has secured these materials as well as many of rapid scan devices."

The first shipment purchased was valued at approximately 10,000 Jordanian Dinars.

Chapter 3 – Measures Applicable to the Population, Companies, Organizations and Institutes

Section 1 – Education

As of 14/03/2020 which was extended on 20/03/2020, under Defense Law Order No.2 (doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55319&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=4C6823C046B7C6361A835A00F6CE5BFDD91810756DD014A95BDE7208AF4984002703790B2009CBB245D304F707C2763FD512442079A186C000C2465DE86D5168EB4400C0EEF5BBA9A9D9130E2B3250CE5257394679F8B0A1D58BFAE002670362783E9EF100CBB27E1195CE6D55B463E8DC18EBB0E93F4A60C5BB7AE340237503CA620E82219CF7FB0FF32C6B4854D63F3BD9A018A12F4404451AF3E5B0D456F9A07715D41477949CBEA3D8ABDBB5AD020694ECE8CD6334B276C985260E082321C4420600C230F3E1A2013B0558F1C3275FE3D3E2DA9907C87A4DC4B620024B57F011EDD4EE9E6DBD736C9E66A5EB6555) (pdf), both of the public and private sectors of education in Jordan were closed due to lockdown and moved from public attendance system to a system of long distance and online learning for schools, universities and other higher learning institutes (under Defense Law Order No.7 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55367&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=9C8CAB6A596DDA40BD05FD19CEBAF5B45B304D80D8EF4DD4C5AB1807F3CE088195A2946500E4E1812328D9B3FEDD296361C3DF40CFF5FCD01097EB623D43B47528FD67EDABE03EC19C112DDA670D17FF723AEE0CF6F95042F1FEABF990F4A8D78A0DCD18B2CBF6DEEBA2BEF9C02E7E52B7F52634B438CD3E4E448C8599ED60859D0BD8E229A23F62877FC2E809A59DF8EA96A2A8FF80F80F3DDFE91EC202E6C03E3A697C705F447D20D4334B8F4739C8506B3673AC0F82DDC4D48BD76B4F35396B76E26AEA9EA8123498553693B4A7ACDC77BAEA0B9CAD355732ECC67F8D99D0F9260E92BDADF34DC3BA03DAE8B80C29) (pdf)). Students were given homework and exam instructions online and were submitted online and communication was performed online and through social media.

Under Defense Law Order No.7, the provisions stipulated in the rules and regulations applied in institutions of higher education related to attendance or those related to the student's warning and dismissal due to low cumulative GPA in the second semester of the academic year 2019/2020 are not to be effected until education recommences as usual. Also, subject to approval by the Council for Higher Education, the Council of Deans of each university can amend the mechanism utilized to calculate marks and grades as well as their proportions for the second semester of the academic year 2019/2020 by re-calculating the subjects' marks for each major separately, according to its nature and study requirements or adopting the principle of "pass or fail" in specializations whose nature allows this, provided that it is by the choice and approval of the student.

In addition, for the purposes of implementing the provisions of the Defense Law Order No. 7 and until education recommenced as usual, the student’s interest will prevail. Accordingly, Defense Law Order No. 7 further stated that the texts of the rules and regulations in force in public higher education institutions shall be interpreted in the student’s favor.

Section 2 – Public Assemblies

Ever since the COVID-19 pandemic in Jordan, public assemblies have been strictly regulated. The measures that were put into force regarding public assemblies are as follows:

1) The complete prohibition of public assemblies and gatherings under Defense Law Order No.2 which enforced a complete quarantine lockdown of Jordan on 21/03/2020.

2) On 04/06/2020 under a Government order social gatherings were allowed of up to 20 people only with social distancing. However certain businesses have been closed until further notice regardless of the number of attendees such as schools and kindergartens, wedding halls and funeral homes, universities, colleges and institutes, youth activities, cinemas, organizing facilities for parties, festivals, conferences, exhibitions, cultural events and festivals, oriental bath spas, training centers and cultural centers, public parks, amusement parks and entertainment places.

3) The transition between point 1 and 2 above is regulated by certain measures under Defense Law Order No.11 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55452&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=B5D597B02970C470B76D4352433474A3DA21A09F3BCAD70D5A94AF8A34F059743E15B31DF42ECFF4D2B9107A4DF4C7D524D7A8B506F903C2D3F673A8E814A7D3A0A0CB201E9FD14F0CFDE61E03B573F0DDF90408CB2006F19E98E6EF9877F169FB74B53E99BC113A8DA1939FB437951F95677874A935BC771787B68FC0EA489E051807E768B77BFE86A5777207893311BB8B7B77A446624F85F6014E6A77690A14A1F5023FC55EECD8F11D873FA1B467E2C977DF75719018458700EB98F0A52058073259EB888DC9C2A6720E518D355A692DEEC068B60EB32AA77084A97A4EE75B67A154E24946815E195C3E521ECC26) (pdf)

The official website for the Ministry of Health (http://corona.moh.gov.jo/ar) determines the epidemiological situation in Jordan, evaluates procedures and sets restrictions such as the number of people allowed to gather and move around and the times they are allowed to do so.

Section 3 – The Public Sector

The measures that the public sector must implement as a precaution in accordance with Defense Law Order No.11 to guarantee the reduction of the risk of disease transmission for its clients and employees are as follows:

1) Every person must adhere to the established spacing distances (“social distancing), and commit to wearing a face mask and gloves before entering public places including ministries, government departments, official and public institutions or places in which they provide services directly to the public including companies, institutions, facilities, malls, shopping centers, shops, medical clinics, and health centers.

2) Health service providers and other service providers in the places referred to in point 1 above, their employees and workers in delivery services are obligated to wear face masks and gloves as well as not to allow visitors to these sites to enter without wearing face masks or gloves.

* The Minister of Health has been delegated to determine the date on which this Defense Order applies, and to issue the necessary instructions for its implementation.*

Section 4 – The Private Sector

The measures that the public sector must implement as a precaution in accordance with Defense Law Order No.11 to guarantee the reduction of the risk of disease transmission for its clients and employees are as follows:

1) Every person must adhere to the established spacing distances (“social distancing), and commit to wearing a face mask and gloves before entering public places including ministries, government departments, official and public institutions or places in which they provide services directly to the public including companies, institutions, facilities, malls, shopping centers, shops, medical clinics, and health centers.

2) Health service providers and other service providers in the places referred to in point 1 above, their employees and workers in delivery services are obligated to wear masks and gloves as well as not to allow visitors to these sites to enter without wearing face masks or gloves.

* The Minister of Health has been delegated to determine the date on which this Defense Order applies, and to issue the necessary instructions for its implementation.*

Section 5 – Political Rallies and Demonstrations

Following the prohibition of public assemblies and gatherings under the complete quarantine lockdown of Defense Law Order No.2, all political rallies and demonstrations were prohibited as public assemblies and gatherings had been banned until further notice. Later, pursuant to a Government instruction released on 04/06/2020, the Jordanian government allowed social gatherings of up to 20 people only with this transition being regulated by certain measures of Defense Law Order No.11. Therefore, any and all political rallies and demonstrations are subject to those limitations and restrictions. There are a number of elections that have been postponed such as that of the Jordan Bar Association.

Section 6 – Companies and Company Meetings

In accordance with Defense Law Order No. 5 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55345&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=B4153DEDE4C13CF11E087DCFB0AEC4FB5D937A6FAE17E30F15B5D3EE0348FFF3A557A627F6553BDE2AC8123CBEAC5A6915548DE649B8083E3DA364946F591EAC3CBD9BF52F373C1CE99FE0B0EEC2EB899AF118B32E156E19F8E9429F3D1A3AC03C3E38945FE797FF2F3690C764A645A57AB99D394B2E293A71F9EF2138698DE352BA62701BBF75E7F31C6C780B87FB2F9E4FFCE6095361C8AE785F0E5450324CA2A7E37BC3DBBBFE923EAFC145456EDC117260CB87D9033FE7F5A3D3EF2F2BA99C594EA7E80BD9BDF619E4C95B4FA8BB17D6B662163A7D5EE66B8A509C2FA7C5C59F5D867EDFD6A473434501FC397758) (pdf), the Minister of Industry, Trade and Supply, Tariq Hammouri, issued procedures that organize the meetings of public bodies, boards of directors and management boards of public joint-stock companies, private joint stock companies and limited liability companies. The procedures were issued in order no. 25069/91 dated 09/04/2020 and are as follows:

1) All previously scheduled meetings are to be postponed until the termination of Defense Law Order No. 13 unless public interest demanded otherwise. The Minister, based on a recommendation by the Company Controller, can also authorize meetings for the time period of 15/04/2020 – 15/05/2020 (and can extend it) should there be a justifiable reason to do.

2) General Assembly meetings will be held as follows:

- The meetings will be held via visual and audio telecommunication.

- The date and time of the meeting is to be announced through the Jordanian Public Establishment for Broadcasting and Television as well as posting the announcement on the company’s website and that of the Company Controller Department at least one week prior to the meeting date.

- The announcement must attach the list of the required business to be completed , a link to all the necessary attachments, an explanation to the electronic mechanisms for attendance, voting, enquiries, etc., the company’s annual report and financial statement, the Company Controller report and any proposed amendments to the Company’s bylaw (if applicable).

- The meeting is headed by the Head of the Board of Directors/Chairperson or his/her representative who appoints an individual to take notes on the meeting.

- Any required documentation such as Power of Attorney documents or letters of authorization must be posted to the company website prior to the meeting to be confirmed and authenticated by the Head of the meeting.

- Attendance and the right to vote is for shareholders

§ The attendance quota is:

a) For public joint-stock companies: the attendance of shareholders owning more than half of the company shares unless the company has been liquidated or merged with another company, then it is the attendance of those who own two thirds of the company shares.

b) For private joint-stock companies: the attendance of shareholders owning more than half of the company shares that have the right make decisions in ordinary general assemblies and the attendance of shareholders who own 75% or more of company shares that have the right to make decisions unless the company Memorandum or Articles of Association state otherwise.

c) For limited liability companies: the attendance of shareholders that own more than half of the company shares making up its capital unless the company Memorandum or Articles of Association state otherwise.

§ The voting quota is:

a) For public joint-stock companies: the majority of shareholder votes in ordinary general assemblies and 75% or more in non-ordinary general assemblies.

b) For private joint-stock companies: the majority of shareholder votes who have the right to make decisions in ordinary general assemblies and 75% or more of shareholder votes that have the right to make decisions in non-ordinary general assemblies, unless the company memorandum or articles of association state otherwise.

c) For limited liability companies: the majority of shareholders in ordinary general assemblies and no less than 75% in non-ordinary general assemblies, unless the company Memorandum or Articles of Association state otherwise.

Ø The attendance and voting quota are to be checked by the Head of the meeting. He/she must also announce the results of these procedures in accordance with the note taker for the meeting.

Ø Shareholders must post their questions on the company website before the meeting so long as there shares do not fall below 10% of the shares that will be present in the meeting.

Ø The Company Controller must be presented with a copy of the meeting record for record keeping purposes in the Company Controller Department.

Ø If the required legal quota is not achieved, the meeting is canceled and the company must request the Company Controller to schedule another one.

Ø The Company auditor is to be invited alongside any mandated regulatory authority.

Ø No legally required disclosure is performed until the termination of the Defense Law.

3) Board of Directors Meetings will be held accordingly:

- The meetings will be held via visual and audio telecommunication.

- The meeting is headed by the Head of the Board of Directors/Chairperson or his/her representative who appoints an individual to take notes on the meeting.

- The attendance quota is the absolute majority of members and the voting quota is the absolute majority of members who attended the meeting (in the case of a tie, the Head of the meeting’s vote will be the tie breaker).

- The Head of the meeting will check on the attendance and the compliance with the mandatory procedures.

- The Company Controller must correspond with the relevant parties to provide the necessary visual and audio telecommunications for these meetings but will not bear the financial costs.

- The Company Controller Department will provide the mechanism to receive and authenticate all necessary documentation via electronic telecommunications available until the full activation of the electronic portal for the Company Controller Department. As of now, the electronic portal is active.

Section 7 – Exceptions

The exceptions to the aforementioned measures are as follows:

- Government officials whom the nature of their jobs required them to work at and operate public facilities (under the authorization of the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defense).

- Healthcare professionals due to the vital nature of their profession especially when dealing with the spread and treatment of the pandemic disease.

- The Army and other similar government bodies whose job it was to enforce the quarantine and the Defense Law Orders.

- Members of the press (though later on) were given transportation permits to conduct their profession.

- Lawyers (though later on) were given transportation permits to conduct their profession and were given permits to travel between provinces/governorates in order to do so.

- Sectors that are vital to the population were also exempt such as the food sector (bakeries, supermarkets), pharmacies and the amenities sector (gas and water).

Section 8 – Customs, Post and Shipping

Based on information available, the courier companies DHL, Aramex, Sky Net, FEDEX, UBS, TNT and the Jordanian post were banned from receiving any and all post from the countries most heavily affected by the COVID-19 crisis (those countries were Iran, Italy, Lebanon, China, Iraq and South Korea). This was under the instructions of an internal regulation from the Jordanian Customs Department number 215/19/13 dated 11/03/2020 based on an official letter from the General Manager of the Jordanian Food and Drug Administration number 3/1/3/10500 dated 09/03/2020. An official letter from the General Manager of the Jordanian Food and Drug Administration dated 11/03/2020 later repealed the official letter.

Section 9 – The Controls Government Employees Can Carry Out to Ensure Cooperation and Compliance

The controls that were given to government employees to ensure the cooperation and compliance of the population to the COVID-19 preventive measures were given to the military, police, and public security and civil defense officials. They were given the authority to enforce these measures by patrolling the country for any violations and to enforce the punishments stipulated in the Defense Law Orders No.3 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55320&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=5AE09BC849A22BDCFC8B2C23F6422BDF00BAA66B47A28577D4AB4692F5BF10C78270329A4550FAF378A71F45A1BA272609AD70279338EEEF83219B527D4326FA14DB4A0E330AFBA7559FAE678A68E0B7CF290B43CAA9CACFDE7A8277475AA644B001499AD566CDC171F14E8C3183FBED560FD87930CB66B3211975B6FC2866AB29C1487327D495CA25A8FEF34C5980CA583E2F7EE5DE48187813F9D81E4DD2F14BA8A42338ED99F87EEDD95188C92F985DA77EAD3DCA7D6728C0047FE48C5A43A11963968107B24984D7F34F35657981542BA8DC7341DFD00A5D220905CCE45084F09D792BFB114F2D64669243E0C73C) (pdf), No.6 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55362&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=C46BEEA6BF98B33A291403D823C8A80E8E917A299591A15AECA37A80FCA53A33ACF757AA586B06CF45FBB87DFC0DD9CF300A1012BECC586687EAFD14C693033778D35B6470773405FA337D6110E9440A8DC183092B78ACFEB66B8D59E165AC8B5B2F88EF24438AD332AA45097DD4BAE1CAFA736CD460C1AFB21DEA830BFF33040CBEBC2A6B10CC3AFCB333CEB875F202E07B04E91E80CAE04EA9B8F1396CA39C9E2B15B284A424695279C4CDBDFBD5798777D26768D47C802D9B5FC265D3278F1532075E18C4DCEDFA8F33BC56DD06AE5FA555A2776DFF4FA6C63BED6157EEBFE8DC85544DA21400611069EDC7FDFECB) (pdf), No.8 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55368&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=0B18EC6E75F47F67660DE3E385B2A8F7401B5183DFA2EC2F89438AB5B7E5D7A96719AC79EA7D73E9001E13752B894A30F57ACB2E7F9B56663F9C853CE6753E106241FA29C266D728EE4A90442E8DB288301A24F1B296A90A02EB686A479DA5357B8A085F2FB8E3093356CB8465EEC4F226476E863201E8791F959D859F03ACE1F8548BEA112FC8BC8812CA8EDC8C1357EB403EAE89FA80F19A61E20A184A753992FA1BCF5751500EED760B479949269C005DFA644B591DF0E2F963B0B20C159D45C5BE6BAFDDC8805888DD71D377DD194542D09FEEB663F1C0FC5DC68CC9D2F063FC02359903BBE6C8140E11B44B6AB6) (pdf), No.11, and No.12 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55467&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=4D727416C74AC0080742665F70190D82857283DF49B53D819A5FF0F1F47517F4C8172B7135BCE5415A7DB7481FEB3BA54213FE3D7D7B1E888A4DE519CBC539695DBD039310773A66A1418547D438DDA3BAD3486CCEFFC5971A7E0BCCD51D0573EE25D570446164A34A5A7431AD5EBF08A7407F8B69F68FCE84CF5AF5D89B8920D1F1D6986FB8EA0B06ACA73D80FA966750FB2E5284A643327B94B768406530604F73116386177C79AECB3F5697743930D2857211964C57E9D31A3C694E30549C060CF5CAB436D20267E6FC2297C5695D00491E0A42B38C82E8E2084C98501ABB08871150438E2D16D5AAAF7449DDE9F3) (pdf) as well as any more serious offenses under the Jordanian Penal Code (as per Defense Law Orders No.8, No.11 and No.12). Although the Government is empowered under the Defense Law, violations under defense orders are transferred to the judiciary so that there is a fair trial for the offender.

Chapter 4 – Healthcare Provisions

Section 1 – Measures and Procedures

Hospitals and other medical institutes are required to carry out and comply with the following measures and procedures under Defense Law Order No. 8:

1) Every hospital, health center, medical laboratory, its administrators, or any of its employees shall immediately inform the competent authorities of any case proven to be infected with the virus or suspected of being infected with it under Defense Law Order No.8.

Jordanian citizens and foreign nationals in Jordan are required to comply with the following measures laid out in Defense Law Order No.8:

1) Not conceal and immediately disclose their own infection and/or contact with an infected party or the infection of others and their contact with an infected party to the competent authorities.

2) Immediately implement decisions, and/or protocols and/or procedures issued by and taken by the competent authorities aimed at preventing outbreaks of infection, including quarantine measures, or domestic isolation, or in the places designated by the competent authorities.

3) Be subject to the instructions of the epidemic investigation committees and/or the orders and/or instructions issued by them and not to obstruct or impede their implementation.

4) Commitment to the pledge/undertaking that is signed by the individual suspected to be infected or whom has been in contact with a person infected with the virus, which includes commitment to self-quarantine ("home quarantine/self-quarantine") and that neither of them will have contact with others during the period prescribed by the competent authorities.

5) Commitment of the infected person and/or suspected of being infected and/or has been in contact with an infected person to take the preventive and curative measures imposed on him, or requiring him to prevent the transmission of the infection to others or the spread of the pandemic.

6) Not to expose anyone to the infection or take any action that would transmit the infection to others.

Section 2 - Costs for Testing and Treatment

No legal or administrative information on the costs for the treatment of COVID-19 has been released to the public as of this date. However the following hospitals were designated as treatment facilities for COVID-19:

§ Amman hospitals:

1. Al Bashir Hospital

2. Jordan University Hospital

3. Prince Hamzah Hospital

§ Zarqa Hospitals: Zarqa New State Hospital

1. Irbid Hospitals: King Abdullah University Hospital

§ Al Karak Hospitals: Karak Public Hospital

§ Aqaba Hospitals: Prince Hashim Military Hospital

There is also a list of private laboratories that also test for COVID-19, however no walk in testing is allowed. Furthermore random testing is conducted.

The media representative for the Ministry of Health stated that the cost of the examination is 50 Jordanian Dinars, to be borne by the Ministry of Health. Labs initially had the price at 70 Jordanian Dinars, but in solidarity with the Jordanian populace and the Ministry of Health, major private labs announced on the 23/03/20 and on 25/03/20 that the costs for administering the COVID-19 test would be reduced to 55 Jordanian Dinars.

Chapter 5 – Criminal Provisions

Unless other more serious violations of the Penal Code have been committed (as per Defense Law Orders No.8, No.11 and No.12), under Defense Law Orders No.3, No.6, No.8, No.11, and No.12 performing any of the following actions is liable to a custodial sentence and/or a monetary fine:

A. Punishments under Defense Law Order No.3:

1) Any violation of Defense Law Order No.2 prohibition of movement and travel is punishable by imprisonment of no more than 1 year or a monetary fine ranging between 100 and 500 Jordanian Dinars for first time offenses. There will be no further prosecution should the offender pay the minimum requirement of the designated fee within a week’s time of the date that the offense occurred. This was later amended by Defense Law Order No.12 to be punishable only by the monetary fine ranging between 100 and 500 Jordanian Dinars.

2) Any repeat violations of Defense Law Order No.2 is punishable by a imprisonment of no more than 1 year and a monetary fine ranging between 100 to 500 Jordanian Dinars. This was later amended by Defense Law Order No.12 to be punishable by a monetary fine ranging between 200 and 1,000 Jordanian Dinars.

3) The vehicle(s)/mode(s) of transportation used to move around with in violation of Defense Law Order/Order No.2/ 2020 will be seized for a period of 30 days. This was later amended by Defense Law Order No.12 to include that by the decision of the competent authority, the seized vehicle may be returned to its owner after the offender submits proof of payment of fines resulting from the violation and a personal pledge from the owner of the vehicle or the offender not to repeat the violation as well as provide a receipt proving the payment of the vehicles’ transportation fees or the costs of keeping it, if any. In case of a repeat offense, the vehicle will be seized for a period of 45 days and will not be returned until the lapse of that period.

4) Any individual who is authorized to open their business/place of work, but does so during unauthorized times is liable to a monetary fine that does not fall below 1,000 Jordanian Dinars and will be subject to having said business/place of work closed/shut down for a period of 14 days.

5) Any individual who is not authorized to open their business/place of work but does so is liable to jail time for a period of 3 months and/or a monetary fine not less than 3,000 Jordanian Dinars.

B. Punishments under Defense Law Order No.6:

6) Any employer who did not obtain the necessary authorization for their establishment or institute to operate during quarantine (as per the procedures set out in Defense Law Order No.6) is liable to have their establishment or institute closed/shut down for a period of 60 days.

7) Any violation of Defense Law Order No.6 and the communications of the Prime Minister or Ministers who have been tasked to carry it out is punishable by imprisonment of 3 months - 3 years and a monetary fine of 3,000 Jordanian Dinars.

C. Punishments under Defense Law Order No.8:

8) Any violation of Defense Law Order No.8 is punishable by imprisonment of up to 3 years and/or a monetary fine of 3,000 Jordanian Dinars.

D. Punishments under Defense Law Order No.11:

9) Any violation to Article (1/1) of the Defense Law Order No.11 is punishable by a monetary fine of a minimum sum of 20 Jordanian Dinars and of a maximum sum of 50 Jordanian Dinars. There will be no further prosecution should the offender pay the minimum requirement of the designated fee within a week’s time of the date that the offense occurred.

10) Any violation to Article (1/2) of the Defense Law Order No.11 is punishable by a monetary fine of a minimum sum of 100 Jordanian Dinars and of a maximum sum of 200 Jordanian Dinars and will be subject to having the site where the violation occurred be closed/shut down for a period of 14 days.

E. Administrative punishments:

11) In accordance with Defense Law Order No. 11, there is a monetary fine of 20 Jordanian Dinars for those not wearing face masks.

Chapter 6 – Final Provisions

No Defense Law Orders have been canceled to date. These measures are, for the most part, as of yet still active barring some revisions/amendments such as those banning the movement and transportation of people and closing all shops in Defense Law Orders No.2 and Defense Law Orders No.5. Similarly, Defense Law Order No.12 amended the punishment in Defense Law Order No.3, Defense Law Order No.7 was amended by Announcement No.6 and Defense Law Order No.6 was amended by Announcement No.7.



1.2 Border

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Section 1 – Entry into the Country

Entry into Jordan was prohibited entirely for both Jordanians and foreign nationals coming from abroad from 18/03/2020 based on the order of the Prime Minister. Recently, as of 05/05/2020, these restrictions have been reduced to allow for the re-entry (repatriation) of Jordanian citizens abroad after their registration via a website and the completion of the relevant procedures.

Section 2 – Tourism

Evidently, the travel and tourism sector in Jordan as worldwide, have been affected due to COVID-19 and due to the procedures and protocols that have been implemented to prevent and deal with the pandemic. Travel outside of Jordan has been banned as of 18/03/2020 when the borders were closed and that remains in force to date.

Airline announcements: Recently, the Turkish Airlines company has announced to the media and on their website that the flights are reopening to Turkey for travel and tourism. It was reported that Turkey has made flight deals with 15 countries and this month (July 2020) will recommence flights to 40 countries. As of this date no statement has yet be made by the Jordanian Government with an official announcement on to which countries flights to and from will be allowed (and that includes flights to and from Turkey).

Whilst tourist entry until this date is not permitted, tourism within Jordan is of active status and tourist sites and programs are being announced. The Jordanian Government in order to assist and support the tourism sector to handle the large impact that it is currently experiencing, it has issued an economic structural framework in order to do so via Defense Law Order No.13 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55517&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=925638FC8DACAA90C048E397B71234C5E90F64F77FF3C3407F6A31AA7CFC06D4E968D985DE8739B4B40722F93B5E282516B24B65D73AA6051A9CE950564754E3D81072D0CE3FDD85804C8CAF742D4377C097CF99BFD49C41E72D8B66E39DCF49861996CF080C0C5A9718FD1A6853BA1269B900F568B40A95BA3B5EE26A8235E3C3C970339A9749546FC8AF800ADB425FED65B444D1F9CBC5BE252F38C8CED41554D20F58CF1746CDF9AEC0B76FA364F8553DAF72DD76D29750A7B370992C2C1110A9C2DF5397C33C6EC2D8EA3DFE76C43B43024FAE4FD78BDDFA893AB5B1063712C5C306D6913A9E011979579F39E4CE) (pdf) & No.14 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55518&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=046C64764B087C708D07974FD4EAF161A6854C034A1A4264D831E584C0388A478CE3259F3B39DBFAD04B850D5DD860523FD873F323380D9E3E2F0950BB69C83B041EE04D1E14F7469B6A87467813AB2C22F08F24801C2FAB6E7546FD6BD817CEFF18E7DC80AD76ABE0BECB6DBCDC061B64EC421DE09842DC8B470E1D7F1E6A96036EB406D91C8E36D89FAAD4140EA31B036872E030BDA84D41AECA6821DF1960094919109D1E09DD8DEF230576138E5B0FC86FE341F6411D7F83AB044E29FE7F6D34AB54DB60BBE3D1F1DC4EB5885BC311CAB2CD6D6431321461AC49B3B22D5591207C4A8F7A369E398E461BA112E6D7) (pdf).

Section 3 – Air Traffic at Airports and Other Modes of Travel & Transportation (is there a specific flight schedule that airports must abide by for the date, time and frequency of flights as well as any countries they are prohibited from traveling to)

There is no specific flight schedule to adhere to so much as there is a limitation on the flights themselves. As of 18/03/2020, entry into Jordan is prohibited by order of the Prime Minister, with the exception of commercial cargo and freight. It has yet to be permitted once more except for the allowance of the re-entry of Jordanian citizens from abroad. As a result, the flight schedule of airports and the travel schedule of all manner of transportation is limited to the return of Jordanian citizens from abroad and/or commercial cargo or freight.

International flights: On 30/06/2020 the Jordanian Government announced that all regular commercial flights continue to be suspended until 14/07/2020. Further to that, according to the Royal Jordanian website, travel to 10 destinations has been banned until 15/07/2020 and travel to 7 destinations has been banned until 31/07/2020:

Domestic flights: flights connecting the Queen Alia Airport from the capital city of Amman to the south city of Aqaba were resumed on 18/06/2020.

Land public transportation: it is allowed to operate on a 50% capacity and subject to implementation of announced health and safety measures.

Ride-hailing applications are allowed to operate subject to a protective screen between the front and back seats of the vehicle and subject to implementation of announced health and safety measures, with one passenger or 2 passengers if necessary.

On 03/07/2020, the Jordanian media has announced that an “informed source” has revealed that the Government plans to reopen the airports during or at the end of July. The source stated revealed that the Government has been categorized into three categories:

- Green for low risk countries

- Yellow for moderate risk countries

- Red for high risk countries

The source also revealed that there will be precautionary and preventive measures in place such as a COVID-19 test 3 days prior to travel, a quarantine for 7-14 days and a home quarantine.

On 05/07/2020 the Prime Minister during a recorded broadcast announced that airports in Jordan are to be reopened at end of July, officially confirming the above stated media information.

Section 4 – Financial Support for Airports and Other Methods of Travel & Transportation

Not Applicable as until this date Jordan has issued no Defense Law Order or any other form of legislation or administrative communication or order on the issue.


1.3 Visas

The issuing of any visas to any and all countries is now paused for the time being as the borders due to the restrictions on entry of foreign nationals into the Kingdom as part of the official measures in force to combat the spread and outbreak of COVID-19. Most foreign embassies in Jordan have included announcements on their websites in that regard and the embassies and consulates either remain closed for routine services or operate with essential only personnel.

Visas extension information is available on the Ministry of Interior website (http://moi.gov.jo/Default/Ar)

Residency permit renewal information is available at the Borders and Residency Directorate offices.

Noting that there is in place a pre-existing e-service for visas and residency permits.



1.4 Export control

The export of vital protective equipment and essential medical supplies is regulated accordingly:

Vital protective equipment constitute the following:

1) Face Masks

2) Gloves

*As of 06/07/2020, the Government has since published in the Official Gazette guidelines for the proper use of face masks and gloves (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55565&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=9EC34D2825282A259ACFADA8B388D92AA584A3E7C4222DBD3B4DD957E913A3117A945D892A84AD86ED54D86386C2CCC51959A490A2FD3F306A27728121D2961F23E9847229451F7FFD9BEAF4EF36C611964B2A7B3132BDD019B564846DE58F79531C3ED9290DC8F03A13353F3DE9138E37B2ADC8CE21578C5BEAE90E6A124012DBC52C256D25445F126542A42E947E6EAD70E30F471C85C561276390B4EFF7D43B27BCEC5D159B63CD8C3DF7C57D3F0D81B892FB1C86D8DC0D5A3B595ADD589C88133200E4838FA9E5A3DB23EF4DE273CDFAF4333D12485C487FF94E20DBDB48E4AB2B955C9784CFABE3C8856FA9266B) (pdf). It includes the following points:

A. On face masks:

- The purpose of wearing face masks

- The different types of face masks

- The times to wear face masks

- The potential risks of not wearing face masks properly

- The proper method to wear and remove face masks

- The method of taking care of cloth face masks

B. On gloves:

- The special recommendations for the use of gloves as a preventive measure for the spread of COVID-19

- The times to wear gloves

C. On general preventive measures it provided five rules to in order to prevent the spread of COVID-19*

As vital essentials for the management and prevention of the COVID-19 disease, the provision of essential medical supplies was of a vital requirement to achieve that end. As such, the Jordanian Government implemented procedures and protocols in order to do so. The King intervened in person in that regard and visited the drug stores in the Royal Medical Services to ensure the stock of medicines and their adequacy. The King also urged the public and private sectors to raise the quality and level of production in the pharmaceutical and medical products industries. The King also intervened personally to bring the COVID-19 examination equipment. The Minister of State for Media Affairs, Amjad Al Adaileh, announced to the press on 16/04/2020 a personal donation to the Ministry of Health by King Abdullah II.

Information available from public statements made to the media and/or press conferences:

On 25/03/2020, the Director General of the Governmental Procurement Department, Nizar Mhaidat, said that the department is ready to provide the medical and preventive supplies needed to deal with the Corona virus. He stated that the department "issued a Circular to all companies and warehouses for which tenders for medicines and medical supplies are referred to with the need to expedite their supply and exempt them from the fines arising from the subject of expediting (early) supply." He added that "The Jordanian electronic procurement system has been activated to carry out all the purchasing operations for all needs, in terms of announcing them, placing bids, receiving and electronically providing them to secure the public sector with all its needs."

He also said, "The Government Procurement Department carried out a series of studies from the star of the spread of the epidemic of public sector stocks, which consisted in studying the existing supply as well as that which was provided via tenders this year, in accordance with the emergency conditions and the growing need for some requirements”. He continued, "All suppliers of medicines and medical supplies have been contacted to contain the quantities of medicines and medical supplies available to them, and to develop an emergency plan that enables the department to continue its work and provide its services to the public health sector despite the emergency conditions."

He stated that "The Minister of Finance was addressed to allocate a sum of money that enables the department to respond quickly to face any shortfall as a result of the increasing exchange of treatments, by making direct purchases and paying in advance to enable suppliers to provide it as soon as possible”.

With regard to the companies from which the medicines were secured, Mahidat said that the department secures the needs of the public sector from a local or external source, and in light of the crisis, precautionary measures have been taken to secure the health sector from materials such as medical consumables related to masks, gloves and protective clothing against infection, to protect workers in the health sector and in the field. He explained: "The productivity of two masks and gloves factories has been activated to produce daily sufficient quantities for use in the private or public sector." He pointed out that it has become a priority in providing medical masks and paws to the cadres working in the treatment of patients and people in the field.

With regard to medical devices that help to detect infected cases, he said that "these devices are available but the materials that are used to detect the virus are materials that we need to buy", pointing out that the Government “has secured these materials as well as many of rapid scan devices."

The first shipment purchased was valued at approximately 10,000 Jordanian Dinars.

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1.5 Prohibition of crowds

Until quite recently under Defense Law Order No.2, a full lock down quarantine was in full effect in Jordan and no one except for the army, government officials, healthcare professionals and food suppliers were allowed to leave their residences. Later, members of the press and lawyers were also allowed to do so. This was eased gradually to allow for the population to leave their homes subject to a 6:00 PM (and then later a 7:00 PM and 12:00 Midnight) curfew where the gathering of crowds of more than 20 individuals in public areas was banned. In the case of gatherings of up to 20 individuals in public areas, social distancing was to be maintained by individuals at all times and they were to wear the appropriate protective gear (face mask and gloves) at all times under Defense Law Order No.11. At present, Defense Law Order No.11 dictates the measures for interaction in public places. In addition, the official website for the Ministry of Health (http://corona.moh.gov.jo/ar) which determines the epidemiological situation in Jordan, evaluates procedures and sets restrictions such as the number of people allowed to gather and move around and the times they are allowed to move.


1.6 Lockdown

Section 1 – Introduction

On the basis of Defense Law Order No.2, Jordan entered officially into a lockdown for quarantine purposes at 7:00pm on 21/03/2020. This quarantine underwent the following phases until it was then amended and gradually eased, as detailed below:

1) Pre-Phase starting from 21/03/2020 on the basis of Defense Law Order No.2

2) Main Phase

3) Easing Phase on the basis of an amendment to Defense Law Order No.2

4) Current Phase starting from 06/06/20 until this date.

Section 2 – The Pre-Phase

During this phase, all private and most public facilities (barring select public institutions such as schools and universities which were closed on 15/03/2020) were open. Public gatherings were banned until further notice. There was also a “Stay at home” campaign that was supported by the media recommending that citizens stay in their homes.

Section 3 – The Main Phase

During this phase, a full lockdown quarantine was enforced on the population where no individual (except for the army, government officials, healthcare professionals and food suppliers) was to leave their residence for any purpose (except for cases of emergencies) until further notice. Holding public or private events were banned entirely. Businesses and publically accessible services were closed to the public such as shops and markets, restaurants, libraries, cinemas, gyms, sports centers, beauty salons and barbershops. The quarantine was initially announced to be for only two weeks but that was extended to two months and a half (with working from home as applicable) and access to each governorate was eventually closed off. People would only be allowed to leave their homes to purchase supplies at days specified by the Government. Any violation of quarantine mandated an immediate arrest for a period no longer than a year.

Section 4 – The Easing Phase

During this phase, the full lockdown was eased gradually. It started out with allowing people to leave their homes to purchase necessary supplies following the first two weeks of the quarantine period on specific days. Following that small local grocery stores were permitted to operate and it was gradually allowed to walk around a proximity area for that purpose but it was not permitted to visit other areas either on foot or by car (unless it was for supplies or emergency purposes) so long as it was adhered to the specified deadline of 6:00 pm for around a month or so. This was then amended on a day-by-day basis with the time changing incrementally or with some days (usually Fridays – which in Jordan falls over the weekend) being on full lockdown once more. Over time, more businesses were allowed to operate (such as chain store supermarkets, banks and the telecommunications sector). Eventually businesses were re-opened entirely and people were permitted to leave their residential areas, could visit other areas, and they were eventually allowed to travel throughout the country. Eventually, Defense Law Order No. 2 was amended which ended the quarantine all together and public gatherings of up to 20 people was permitted with this transition being regulated by certain measures of Defense Law Order No. 11.


Section 5 – The Current Phase

During this phase, starting from 06/06/20 until this date, the population is allowed to move between the hours of 6am to 12 midnight throughout the Kingdom and all public and private sectors, businesses and facilities (excluding certain businesses such as schools and kindergartens, wedding halls and funeral homes, universities, colleges and institutes, youth activities, cinemas, organizing facilities for parties, festivals, conferences, exhibitions, cultural events and festivals, oriental bath spas, training centers and cultural centers, public parks, amusement parks and entertainment places) are open to the public subject to the regulations of the Defense Law Order No. 11. Amongst those public facilities that have been re-opened (following though the prescribed safety measures and after sanitization procedures by the Public Security Directorate) are mosques and churches which had been closed as of 28/03/2020. They were recently announced to have been reopened in a press conference jointly held on 28/05/2020 at the Prime Ministry by the Government’s spokesperson, Amjad Al Adaileh, the Minister of Islamic Affairs, (Awqaf Minister) Mohammad Al Khalaileh and the President of the Jordan Churches Council, Archbishop Christoforos Atallah where it was announced that mosques would re-open on 05/06/2020 and churches on 07/06/2020.

1.1 (a) – Open businesses, industries and allowed gatherings

The following key services and gatherings are currently permitted, however the below list may at any time be subject to amendment:

1) Shops, markets, restaurants and grocery stores

2) Establishments that offer food delivery services

3) Pharmacies, drug stores and stores that supply medical needs (such as glasses and hearing aids)

4) Post office, postal agencies and couriers

5) Telecommunications providers (such as phone and internet companies)

6) Banks

7) Gas stations

8) Public transport

9) Public administrations

10) Social institutions

11) Healthcare facilities

12) Hotels and accommodation establishments

13) Entertainment and leisure facilities

The above-mentioned facilities must maintain the appropriate safety measures of hygiene, protective gear and social distancing.

1.2 (b) Contact Tracing

Jordan to date has issued no Defense Law Order or any other form of legislation or administrative communication or order on the issue. However, an application was launched on 06/05/2020 to this end titled (‘Aman”) (meaning Safety in Arabic). It was developed for the Jordanian Ministry of Health and was launched as a community initiative by a group of tech savvy volunteers called COVID-19 JOTECH COMMUNITY. It is currently available in both Arabic and English languages.

Aman app is described as follows:

Aman app is a smartphone app that protects privacy and at the same time works to alert users in the event that they are suspected of being exposed to the Corona virus (Covid-19) and have contact with an infected person, through the use of GPS technology, and soon Bluetooth. The purpose of the application is to detect exposure to the virus using GPS technology, which makes isolating new cases of Coronavirus infection faster and capable of being identified before they cause infection to others, which leads to containing the virus and ensuring the population safety.

The founders of the app have noted that the application is applicable only within the borders of Jordan.

1.3 - Shareholder’s Meetings and Other Meetings of Companies

In accordance with Defense Law Order No. 5, the Minister of Industry, Trade and Supply issued procedures that organize the meetings of public bodies, boards of directors and management boards of public joint-stock companies, private joint stock companies and limited liability companies. The procedures were issued in order no. 25069/91 dated 09/04/2020 and are as follows:

1) All previously scheduled meetings are to be postponed until the termination of Defense Law Order No. 13, unless public interest demanded otherwise. The Minister, based on a recommendation by the Company Controller, can also authorize meetings for the time period of 15/04/2020 – 15/05/2020 (and can extend it) should there be a justifiable reason to do.

2) General Assembly meetings will be held as follows:

- The meetings will be held via visual and audio telecommunication.

- The date and time of the meeting is to be announced through the Jordanian Public Establishment for Broadcasting and Television as well as posting the announcement on the company’s website and that of the Company Controller Department at least one week prior to the meeting date.

- The announcement must attach the list of the required business to be completed , a link to all the necessary attachments, an explanation to the electronic mechanisms for attendance, voting, enquiries, etc., the company’s annual report and financial statement, the Company Controller report and any proposed amendments to the Company’s bylaw (if applicable).

- The meeting is headed by the Head of the Board of Directors/Chairperson or his/her representative who appoints an individual to take notes on the meeting.

- Any required documentation such as Power of Attorney documents or letters of authorization must be posted to the company website prior to the meeting to be confirmed and authenticated by the Head of the meeting.

- Attendance and the right to vote is for shareholders

§ The attendance quota is:

- For public joint-stock companies: the attendance of shareholders owning more than half of the company shares unless the company has been liquidated or merged with another company then it is the attendance of those who own two thirds of the company shares.

- For private joint-stock companies: the attendance of shareholders owning more than half of the company shares that have the right make decisions in ordinary general assemblies and the attendance of shareholders who own 75% or more of company shares that have the right to make decisions, unless the company Memorandum or Articles of Association state otherwise.

- For limited liability companies: the attendance of shareholders that own more than half of the company shares making up its capital unless the company Memorandum or Articles of Association state otherwise.

§ The voting quota is:

- For public joint-stock companies: with the majority of shareholder votes in ordinary general assemblies and 75% or more in non-ordinary general assemblies.

- For private joint-stock companies: with the majority of shareholder votes who have the right to make decisions in ordinary general assemblies and 75% or more that have the right to make decisions in non-ordinary general assemblies, unless the company Memorandum or Articles of Association state otherwise.

- For limited liability companies: with the majority of shareholders in ordinary general assemblies and no less than 75% in non-ordinary general assemblies, unless the company memorandum or articles of association state otherwise

Ø The attendance and voting quota are to be checked by the Head of the meeting. He/she must also announce the results of these procedures in accordance with the note taker for the meeting.

Ø Shareholders must post their questions on the company website before the meeting so long as there shares do not fall below 10% of the shares that will be present in the meeting.

Ø The Company Controller must be presented with a copy of the meeting record for record keeping purposes in the Company Controller Department.

Ø If the required legal quota is not achieved, the meeting is canceled and the company must request the Company Controller to schedule another one.

Ø The Company auditor is to be invited alongside any mandated regulatory authority.

Ø No legally required disclosure is performed until the enactment of the Defense Law ceases to have effect.

3) Board of Directors Meetings will be held accordingly:

- The meetings will be held via visual and audio telecommunication.

- The meeting is headed by the Head of the Board of Directors/Chairperson or his/her representative who appoints an individual to take notes on the meeting.

- The attendance quota is the absolute majority of members and the voting quota is the absolute majority of members who attended the meeting (in the case of a standstill/tie, the Head of the meeting’s vote will be the tie breaker).

- The Head of the meeting will check on the attendance and the compliance with the mandatory procedures.

- The Company Controller must correspond with the relevant parties to provide the necessary visual and audio telecommunications for these meetings but will not bear the financial costs.

- The Company Controller Department will provide the mechanism to receive and authenticate all necessary documentation via electronic telecommunications available until the full activation of the electronic portal for the Company Controller Department. As of now, the electronic portal is active.


1.7 Open Businesses, Industries and allowed Gatherings


1.9 Healthcare and Supply of essential medical goods

1.9.1 Health status Reporting obligations




1.9.2 Supply of essential medical supplies

Non applicable as until to date no legal or administrative information on the restrictions put in force on the sale of medicinal products and drugs (this could be to prevent the supply of a certain product or to ensure the supply of a certain product) has been released to the public.


1.11 Persons with a higher risk

Not Applicable as Jordan has issued no Defense Law Order or any other form of legislation or administrative communication or order on the issue targeting or singling out those people with a higher risk with specific measures/protocols.


1.12 Sanctions (including of criminal penalties)

Unless other more serious violations of the Penal Code have been committed (as per Defense Law Orders No.8, No.11 and No.12), under Defense Law Orders No.3, No.6, No.8, No.11, and No.12 performing any of the following actions is liable to a custodial sentence and/or a monetary fine:

A. Punishment/penalties under Defense Law Order No.3:

1) Any violation of Defense Law Order No.2 prohibition of movement and travel is punishable by imprisonment of no more than 1 year or a monetary fine ranging between 100 and 500 Jordanian Dinars for first time offenses. There will be no further prosecution should the offender pay the minimum requirement of the designated fee within a week’s time of the date that the offense occurred. This was later amended by Defense Law Order No.12 to be punishable only by the monetary fine ranging between 100 and 500 Jordanian Dinars.

2) Any repeat violations of Defense Law Order No.2 is punishable by a imprisonment of no more than 1 year and a monetary fine ranging between 100 to 500 Jordanian Dinars. This was later amended by Defense Law Order No.12 to be punishable by a monetary fine ranging between 200 and 1,000 Jordanian Dinars.

3) The vehicle(s)/mode(s) of transportation used to move around with in violation of Defense Law Order/Order No.2/ 2020 will be seized for a period of 30 days. This was later amended by Defense Law Order No.12 to include that by the decision of the competent authority, the seized vehicle may be returned to its owner after the offender submits proof of payment of fines resulting from the violation and a personal pledge from the owner of the vehicle or the offender not to repeat the violation as well as provide a receipt proving the payment of the vehicles’ transportation fees or the costs of keeping it, if any. In case of a repeat offense, the vehicle will be seized for a period of 45 days and will not be returned until the lapse of that period.

4) Any individual who is authorized to open their business/place of work, but does so during unauthorized times is liable to a monetary fine that does not fall below 1,000 Jordanian Dinars and will be subject to having said business/place of work closed/shut down for a period of 14 days.

5) Any individual who is not authorized to open their business/place of work but does so is liable to jail time for a period of 3 months and/or a monetary fine not less than 3,000 Jordanian Dinars.

B. Punishment/penalties under Defense Law Order No.6:

6. Any employer who did not obtain the necessary authorization for their establishment or institute to operate during quarantine (as per the procedures set out in Defense Law Order No.6) is liable to have their establishment or institute closed/shut down for a period of 60 days.

7. Any violation of Defense Law Order No.6 and the communications of the Prime Minister or Ministers who have been tasked to carry it out is punishable by imprisonment of 3 months - 3 years and a monetary fine of 3,000 Jordanian Dinars.

C. Punishment/penalties under Defense Law Order No.8:

8. Any violation of Defense Law Order No.8 is punishable by imprisonment of up to 3 years and/or a monetary fine of 3,000 Jordanian Dinars.

D. Punishment/penalties under Defense Law Order No.11:

9. Any violation to Article (1/1) of the Defense Law Order No.11 is punishable by a monetary fine of a minimum sum of 20 Jordanian Dinars and of a maximum sum of 50 Jordanian Dinars. There will be no further prosecution should the offender pay the minimum requirement of the designated fee within a week’s time of the date that the offense occurred.

10. Any violation to Article (1/2) of the Defense Law Order No.11 is punishable by a monetary fine of a minimum sum of 100 Jordanian Dinars and of a maximum sum of 200 Jordanian Dinars and will be subject to having the site where the violation occurred be closed/shut down for a period of 14 days.

E. Administrative punishment/penalties:

11. In accordance with Defense Law Order No. 11, there is a monetary fine of 20 Jordanian Dinars for those not wearing face masks.

2. SUPPORT OF BUSINESSES

2.1 Legal basis

Following Defense Law Order No. 2, which impacted on business due to the lockdown, several of the Defense Law Orders included measures for supporting companies. In addition, the Central Bank of Jordan has also implemented measures to support the business sector.

2.2 – Purpose and Scope of Support Measures

The purpose of these measures was to support the business that suffered due to Defense Law Order No.2 in terms of employee salaries, the payment of which is shared between the employer and the Social Security Corporation, reducing the tax on the tourism sector, delaying loan bank installments for two months, reducing the reserve ratio for banks and launching several support programs, including allocating large sums as loans to troubled companies.

In light of the rapid global developments resulting from the impact of the emerging Corona virus and the challenges it poses to the national economy, the Central Bank of Jordan decided to take a package of precautionary measures aimed at containing the negative repercussions of the COVID-19 virus on the performance of the local economy. These measures are summarized as follows:

1- Allowing banks to restructure the loans of individuals and companies, especially medium and small ones, which have been affected by the repercussions of the virus;

2- Pumping additional liquidity to the national economy of 550 million Jordanian Dinars through reducing the obligatory cash reserve;

3- Reducing financing costs and increasing the deadlines for existing and future facilities for economic sectors;

4- Supporting the procedures of the Jordanian Loan Guarantee Corporation by reducing the company’s program commissions;

5- Increasing the insurance coverage ratio for the domestic sales guarantee program.


3. SUPPORT OF THE JOBMARKET

3.1 Legal basis and support measures

The Jordanian Government has adopted the following measures to help support the Jordanian job market:

1) A specialized framework for unemployment insurance:

Articles 3/a/4 and 48-58 of the Jordanian Social Security Law provide the basis for the legal framework and its particulars in Jordan. Due to the suspension of work that was ordered under the Defense Law, Defense Law Order No.9 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55399&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=2206FED3CAF32D2659BC596A6A41201AA984166A4B90E43D93FB817FFCE502CBC8D5A8DB07063057AAF9BABD4F8D7F1642BE61C459C66B069F3180E3433C3D615CAA4B8FD6BE69297D2BF0D6AC861BAF738C2A9B0B94437FD835D5658289C09FF36888004013EB3286E662BF97CAA33F3CAA581665FB8CCB0A63E4550FBDF7E1DB5FA889E8B9D2E7054B2610A10157BBC2C0C00F9B1C60527A7DB888914762B7F02ADD27AA8B56382F12ED380E3EC2EEF4E9F931EF3464A8CA50C2917ABBC34C080733F1EBA8CD22D0E4F94434751C382A8584406A7F7F7A55957D53E066AC2A7417AF57DE54AEE95567C0B43CA95D24)(pdf) institutes the development of a specialized framework. It instructs for the development a Support Program for the unemployed who are subject to unemployment insurance as well as a Support Program for insured Jordanians and non-Jordanians.  

2) Loss of earnings in connection with COVID-19 and a specialized framework for the establishment of support programs and funds for both employed and unemployed individuals:

In continuation of the above Defense Law Order No. 9, a further section of the specialized framework was established for the employed whose work had been suspended is the following:

Ø A solidarity program I (in Arabic the Tadamun I program) for those employees who are subject to social security,

Ø A solidarity program II (in Arabic the Tadamun II program) for those employees who are not subject to social security,

Ø A support program for those employees who are subject to social security and are subscribed to unemployment insurance scheme.

Ø A support program for insured Jordanian citizens and foreign nationals.

Ø A support program for employees who are subject to social security on the condition that their last wage does not exceed 500 Jordanian Dinars. 

*The above programs cannot be combined with each other and are thus limited to one program per one individual*

3) In addition, Defense Law Order No.6 has established that employees are entitled to their full wages as well as their wages for any overtime work during the quarantine period after 01/04/2020. This applies to employees who worked from home as well.   

4) The allocation of 50% of the revenue from the Social Security Corporation subscriptions for annual maternity insurance to provide aid for those in need such as the elderly and sick people as well as their families under Defense Law Order No.1 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55318&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=5B356751810828C9821205BBABFF936C80D225DCC1124DC5C93CAED45960D6775BB9AE9882660E14A93BD0D21D88E8AE02146944F6AB1AFE0EE6945E08D5AEB6CB838EDC129E5359624E5FE6C009603548289266EC081A1EEF672BB6E570841DC384E3C29F666160254368A43E0971C540E6B77842CD644DD841C94E665D1DD4E72592370317DAA6BAA32C1A8D64CE8C21C1786B1C32489D8224B2C127B80AFBEF739D4E7DB1598F651F761F91F7668978BE493E4BF4D7DFF1A207FEEE798EBC44B921D00B3C935D22CC8462C3C3286724F1E064F879F369DCD8EAE06773BAA58916A1B5D2C8F336C68BEBFF85B9B71F) (pdf).

5) The establishment of a fund in the Central Bank of Jordan for donations towards the private sector under Defense Law Order No.4 (https://doc.pm.gov.jo/DocuWare/PlatformRO/WebClient/Client/Document?did=55344&fc=7e6f119f-71f4-4ed3-8023-b6a6db8bcb15&orgId=1&_auth=C4096EE213F2BC9FDA3CC8026F7C0E3AD863D8E3586EDED5B3CFAA1543B179276FF4E004D339E7C74306D3422016C92E697A2B644432DAA98B5B1C6CB57B136D0EAEED07369218774DFEBFAC1BF91D2DF47BFEFAF4A7D9897EEC4DEBB5977A19E9A78082125E76B79E5D27ECA6B33B073F857773C7EABF8E18010FB9D4F057D1D0EF264831D749A6D710B8B540DB151FB03578C988C4E6767B26FBD4D1E92CD2BCE00B40089923278A14E0C26B8456305ED7AA4D582BCEAAD5FC4F9BA7F7190E183475AD5601495D28D0B672D43877A0087A1172E94120FC91C367A66C08E6D552CA91C7EEBAE335A4348F652BB70DF0) (pdf).

6) The allowance of employers of establishments and institutions permitted to operate part time to ask permission from the Minister of Labor to pay an amount that does not fall under 50% of employee wages for those employees whose work has been suspended due to the quarantine as long as the amount does not fall below the minimum wage for salaries under Defense Law Order No.6.

7) The allowance of employers whose establishments and institutions have or have not been authorized to operate and are subject to the Labor Law whom cannot pay their employee wages for the quarantine period following 01/04/2020 to request permission for the formation of a joint committee formed by both the Minister of Industry, Trade and Supply and the Minister of Labor to determine whether or not to have their establishments and institutions cease operation and to freeze all employee labor contracts under Defense Law Order No.6.

8) The allowance of all private sector establishments and institutions (barring those that have closed/shut down as stated previously) that are subject to the Labor Law and who have not been authorized to operate to benefit from the Economic Protection Programs under Defense Law Order No.6.

9) The provision of government incentives for those employers who have committed to paying their employees’ full wages from the start of the enforcement of the Defense Law in addition to their benefiting from the Economic Protection Programs under Defense Law Order No.6.

10) The prohibition of employers from applying pressure on their employees to force them to terminate their contracts (except as otherwise stated in Articles 21 and 28 of the Labor Law) as well as the re-instatement of employees who had been subject to this treatment under Defense Law Order No.6.

11) Under Defense Order No. 4, a fund known as Himat Watan (Nation’s Endeavour in Arabic) was available for the support of national efforts to combat the COVID-19 crisis and its consequences. It accepts funds via donations from within Jordan and outside Jordan and separates the program’s funds from the state revenues. The Minister of State for Media Affairs, Amjad Al Adaileh, announced on 16/04/2020 that the King has also personally made donation of a significant sum to the Himat Watan to provide support to the program for daily workers.


3.2 Support measures

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4. Shareholder's meetings and other meetings of companies

In accordance with Defense Law Order No. 5, the Minister of Industry, Trade and Supply issued procedures that organize the meetings of public bodies, boards of directors and management boards of public joint-stock companies, private joint stock companies and limited liability companies. The procedures were issued in order no. 25069/91 dated 09/04/2020 and are as follows:

1) All previously scheduled meetings are to be postponed until the termination of Defense Law Order No. 13, unless public interest demanded otherwise. The Minister, based on a recommendation by the Company Controller, can also authorize meetings for the time period of 15/04/2020 – 15/05/2020 (and can extend it) should there be a justifiable reason to do.

2) General Assembly meetings will be held as follows:

- The meetings will be held via visual and audio telecommunication.

- The date and time of the meeting is to be announced through the Jordanian Public Establishment for Broadcasting and Television as well as posting the announcement on the company’s website and that of the Company Controller Department at least one week prior to the meeting date.

- The announcement must attach the list of the required business to be completed , a link to all the necessary attachments, an explanation to the electronic mechanisms for attendance, voting, enquiries, etc., the company’s annual report and financial statement, the Company Controller report and any proposed amendments to the Company’s bylaw (if applicable).

- The meeting is headed by the Head of the Board of Directors/Chairperson or his/her representative who appoints an individual to take notes on the meeting.

- Any required documentation such as Power of Attorney documents or letters of authorization must be posted to the company website prior to the meeting to be confirmed and authenticated by the Head of the meeting.

- Attendance and the right to vote is for shareholders

§ The attendance quota is:

- For public joint-stock companies: the attendance of shareholders owning more than half of the company shares unless the company has been liquidated or merged with another company then it is the attendance of those who own two thirds of the company shares.

- For private joint-stock companies: the attendance of shareholders owning more than half of the company shares that have the right make decisions in ordinary general assemblies and the attendance of shareholders who own 75% or more of company shares that have the right to make decisions, unless the company Memorandum or Articles of Association state otherwise.

- For limited liability companies: the attendance of shareholders that own more than half of the company shares making up its capital unless the company Memorandum or Articles of Association state otherwise.

§ The voting quota is:

- For public joint-stock companies: with the majority of shareholder votes in ordinary general assemblies and 75% or more in non-ordinary general assemblies.

- For private joint-stock companies: with the majority of shareholder votes who have the right to make decisions in ordinary general assemblies and 75% or more that have the right to make decisions in non-ordinary general assemblies, unless the company Memorandum or Articles of Association state otherwise.

- For limited liability companies: with the majority of shareholders in ordinary general assemblies and no less than 75% in non-ordinary general assemblies, unless the company memorandum or articles of association state otherwise

Ø The attendance and voting quota are to be checked by the Head of the meeting. He/she must also announce the results of these procedures in accordance with the note taker for the meeting.

Ø Shareholders must post their questions on the company website before the meeting so long as there shares do not fall below 10% of the shares that will be present in the meeting.

Ø The Company Controller must be presented with a copy of the meeting record for record keeping purposes in the Company Controller Department.

Ø If the required legal quota is not achieved, the meeting is canceled and the company must request the Company Controller to schedule another one.

Ø The Company auditor is to be invited alongside any mandated regulatory authority.

Ø No legally required disclosure is performed until the enactment of the Defense Law ceases to have effect.

3) Board of Directors Meetings will be held accordingly:

- The meetings will be held via visual and audio telecommunication.

- The meeting is headed by the Head of the Board of Directors/Chairperson or his/her representative who appoints an individual to take notes on the meeting.

- The attendance quota is the absolute majority of members and the voting quota is the absolute majority of members who attended the meeting (in the case of a standstill/tie, the Head of the meeting’s vote will be the tie breaker).

- The Head of the meeting will check on the attendance and the compliance with the mandatory procedures.

- The Company Controller must correspond with the relevant parties to provide the necessary visual and audio telecommunications for these meetings but will not bear the financial costs.

- The Company Controller Department will provide the mechanism to receive and authenticate all necessary documentation via electronic telecommunications available until the full activation of the electronic portal for the Company Controller Department. As of now, the electronic portal is active.


5. TENANCY AND LEASE

5.1 Legal basis

5.1.1 – Legal Basis

Although Jordan has not issued a Defense Law Order or any other form of legislation, it has issued an administrative decision on the issue as it declared in the media that the Government provided amenities of electricity, gas and water would not be stopped for all citizens should they fail to make payments due to the full quarantine lockdown.

5.1.2 – Move Out and Move In – Not Applicable as Jordan has issued no Defense Law Order or any other form of legislation or administrative communication or order on the issue

5.1.3 – Extension of Payment Deadlines – Not Applicable as Jordan has issued no Defense Law Order or any other form of legislation or administrative communication or order on the issue. However, the Central Bank of Jordan has implemented measures that are relevant to bank loans and mortgages. As a set of economic and financial measures, it has stipulated for the remainder of banks in Jordan (as all banks are subject to the instructions and regulations of the CBJ) that the following will be implemented until the end of the current year 2020:

1) Deferment monthly payments of company and/or personal bank loans for a period of time

2) Allowance of the banks to conduct scheduling of clients' debts to whom the concept of scheduling applies without cash payment and without delay interest.

3) Deferment retail customer installments including credit card payments, housing loans and personal loans without any commission or delay interest.


6. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

6.1 General

Legal Proceedings:

The following measures were put into force regarding legal proceedings:

§ On 15/03/2020, the Judicial Council issued a decision to take measures to reduce the overcrowding in the courts to preserve public safety. This included the deferment of deliberations for all cases pending before all courts and their sessions during the period between 16/03/2020 and 14/04/2020, automatically without the need for the attendance of the involved parties, according to the dates (agenda) prepared for this purpose.

§ On 17/03/2020, in light of the announcement of the official holiday, the Judicial Council issued a decision that all courts remain partially open, at the minimum requirement necessary to do so, for the purposes of conducting emergency business.

§ On 24/203/2020 another decision was issued by the Judicial Council, which included several procedures and decisions including:

1) The release of all those arrested in misdemeanors and replace the arrest warrants with an order to prevent their travel.

2) The postponement of the application of the criminal provisions for every person sentenced to a prison term of no more than three months or fines, and releasing them with a travel ban.

3) The postponement of the application of the criminal provisions for those who committed crimes of issuing a cheque/check without credit (dishonored cheques) as long as the total value of the checks they are convicted of does not exceed 100,000 Jordanian Dinars.

4) To study the cases of detainees in felonies that fall outside the jurisdiction of the High Criminal Court and to decide on the possibility of releasing the arrested person if the circumstances of the case permit this, with a travel ban issued for the released person.

§ On 25/06/2020, the Judicial Council decided to gradually return to work as usual in all courts, enforcement departments and the prosecution’s office, as it was before the COVID-19 crisis, as of 01/07/2020.

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6.2 Measures

Measures for a Functioning Judiciary

General Prevention Measures:

The following general prevention measures were put into force regarding court procedures, legal cases and debt collection:

§ On 19/04/2020, a decision was issued by the Judicial Council which included mandating a previously formed committee to develop a comprehensive strategy for managing the judicial facility in exceptional circumstances. It included recommendations and operational plans necessary for its implementation and proposed work procedures in coordination with the heads of courts.

§ In addition, numerous other decisions were ordered to prevent the spread of the epidemic. These included:

Ø No locking up those in debt to others (as debtor imprisonment is legal in Jordan) in enforcement cases at present and instead implement travel bans;

Ø Conducting sessions during the periods of morning and evening;

Ø Limiting judicial reviews;

Ø Recording the names of all visitors to the court;

Ø Punishing those who do not wear masks and gloves inside the court.



7 Healthcare

Section 1 – Reporting Obligations

Defense Law Order No.8 mandates that all Jordanian citizens and foreign nationals that are within its borders must immediately disclose their own infection and/or contact with an infected party or the infection of others and their contact with an infected party to the competent authorities and not to conceal it.

Section 2 – Treatment Obligations


Sanctions (Criminal Punishment)



8. MISCELLANEOUS

(COVID -19) Impacted Legislation

The following is a brief and general summation of the Jordanian legislation affected by Covid-19:

§ Labor Law No. 8 and its amendments for the year 1996 (pursuant to Defense Law Order No. 6): Suspension of some of its provisions such as:

1) Article 23

2) Article 28/B, C, D, E

3) Article 59/B in regards to the legal provisions for working during official holidays only

4) Article 60 which was suspended during the period 18/03/2020 - 31/03/2020 according to Defense Law Order No 6

§ Social Security Law No. 1 for the year 2014 (pursuant to Defense Law Orders No.1 & No.9):

1) It is connected to the establishment of Solidarity and Support Funds under Defense Law Order No.9

2) The suspension of Article (3/1/2)of the Social Security Law (the payment of insurance against old age for employees not of the public sector who are subject to the Labor Law) for the months of March and April of 2020 (with some minor exceptions) under Defense Law Order No.1.

3) Following point 2 above, no late payment interest or fines for amounts owed to the Social Security Corporation will be accrued/accumulated during that period for late subscription payments, late submission of necessary documents or lateness in informing the Social Security Establishment of any changes to the eligibility of ensured benefits and retirement rights under Defense Law Order No.1.

4) The suspension of Article (94/A) and the collection procedures within the fifth chapter of its accompanying Regulation for the Eligibility of Insurance No. 14 for the Year 2015 and all of its amendments under Defense Law Order No.1

5) Allocating 50% of the revenue from the subscriptions for annual maternity insurance to provide aid for those in need such as the elderly and sick people as well as their families under Defense Law Order No.1

6) Paragraph (a) of Article (94) shall be reinstated under Defense Law Order No.14

§ Education Law No. 3 and its amendments for the year 1994, pursuant to Defense Law Order No.7): The implementation of distance learning and online learning for all students as per the Jordanian Education Law and the applicability of Defense Law Order No.7’s provisions on distance and online learning on institutes, vocational training institutions and centers that are not subject to the Education Law.

§ Higher Education Law No. 17 for the year 2018 (pursuant to Defense Law Order No.7): The implementation of distance learning for all students of higher education institutes (both state owned and private ones).

§ Audiovisual Media Law No. 26 for the year 2015 (pursuant to Defense Law Order No.8): Prohibiting the spread of news that affects patient privacy and could serve to incite public panic.

§ Public Health Law No. 47 and its amendments for the year 2018 (pursuant to Defense Law Order No.8): Suspension of the following provisions:

1) Article (22/B)

2) Article (62/B/3)

3) Article (66)

§ Income Tax Law No. 34 for the year 2014 (pursuant to Defense Law Order No.10): Extension of the time frames of the following provisions:

1) The period specified under Article (17/A) of the Income Tax Law related to submitting income tax returns was extended to 30/06/2020.

2) The period prescribed under Article (12/E) of the same law related to the necessity of supplying the collected tax for the Income and Sales Tax Department. The deadline for this occurred during each of the official holidays scheduled during the implementation of the Defense Law until 30/06/2020 and was thus extended.

3) The period prescribed under the provisions of Article (25) of the Income Tax Law that a person licensed to practice the profession of accountant in Jordan has to provide a statement to the Income and Sales Tax Department with the names and addresses of his clients. The deadline for this submission took place over the official holiday scheduled and applied during the implementation of the Defense Law until 30/06/2020 and was thus extended.

§ The Regulation for Flexible Work No. 22/2017 (pursuant to Defense Law Order No.6): The suspension of Articles (3), (5), (8), (10) and (12).

§ The Regulation for Inclusion to the General Social Security Corporation Insurance: Chapter Five is reinstated under Defense Law Order No.14.